As a potential deal with the Taliban nears, key Afghan warlords have begun preparing for a potential civil war. There are indicators that Tajik, Uzbek, and Hazara leaders are taking steps to mobilize their ethnic communities in preparation for a power struggle.

The Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham (ISIS) is not defeated despite the loss of the territory it claimed as its so-called ‘Caliphate’ in Iraq and Syria. The new ISW assessment examines the current state and future of the ISIS insurgency.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan signaled on August 4 that his forces would push further into Syria east of the Euphrates River. A military buildup along that border area since early July has been among the indicators of a credible threat of further Turkish intervention.

ISIS has a unique and dangerous opportunity to exploit conditions in detention facilities and internally displaced persons’ camps across Northern Syria. The U.S. has an urgent requirement to help the Syrian Democratic Forces secure these facilities and process their inhabitants.

Vladimir Putin has faced blowback from some of his foreign policy undertakings, including Russian aggression in Ukraine. These instance provide lessons that should form part of the basis for a new U.S. and allied approach to Russia's hybrid warfare.

Latest from ISW

ISIS's Second Comeback: Assessing the Next ISIS Insurgency

ISIS is stronger today than its predecessor Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) was in 2011, when the U.S. withdrew from Iraq. ISIS’s insurgency will grow because areas it has lost in Iraq and Syria are still neither stable nor secure. Its successful reconstitution of a physical caliphate in Iraq and Syria would produce new waves of ISIS attacks. Read the assessment of the risks that lie ahead in a new ISW report.

Confronting the Russian Challenge

Russia poses a significant threat to the United States and its allies for which the West is not ready. Its unconventional warfare and information operations pose daunting but not insuperable challenges. The West must act urgently to meet this threat without exaggerating it. The U.S. and its allies need a coherent global approach to meeting and transcending the Russian challenge.