Charlie supports ISW’s operations by managing signature events, building external partnerships, and expanding ISW’s technological partnerships. Charlie graduated from The George Washington University with a B.A. in International Affairs concentrating in Conflict and Security Studies and a minor in History. He received his MSc in International Relations with a concentration in International Security Issues from Loughborough University in the United Kingdom. His Master’s dissertation focused on Russian Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics, contemporary Russian nuclear doctrine, and the obstacles they create for NATO decision-making. Charlie was a former intern on the Russia/Ukraine portfolio.