The Taliban’s annual summer offensive in Afghanistan in 2014 can be characterized by waves of violence across the country and, in particular, a string of attacks ringing the capital, Kabul. The attacks appear mainly to target Afghanistan’s infrastructure, particularly its airports. Although the Taliban attempted to focus its efforts in June on the 2014 presidential election runoff, it was unsuccessful in derailing the elections or disrupting them to a notable degree. That period of concentrated effort lasted less than two weeks.
Reports that ISIS is sending reinforcements to the vicinity of the Hamrin Dam indicate that ISIS is seeking to control the dam as a military objective rather than pursuing it as a feint to divert ISF resources away from other targets.
Significant ISIS attacks occurred in the north, west, and east of Iraq.
ISW is placing a watch on Hit as an area that ISIS likely desires to control.
ISIS efforts to control critical infrastructural like the Hamrin Dam is worrisome, as ISIS has previously utilized control over the Fallujah dam to counter the ISF and prevent water supplies from reaching southern Iraq.
Hundreds of members of Iraqi Shi’a militias and their supporters gathered in central Baghdad to participate in parades celebrating Quds Day, an Iranian-backed annual event expressing solidarity with Palestine.
ISIS continued to deploy VBIEDs in hardened areas in Baghdad, this time in Karrada, central Baghdad, indicating both the capability and the intent to focus efforts on the Iraqi capital.
ISIS continued its campaign against Peshmerga-controlled terrain and infrastructure, gaining control of the Badush Dam, 20 km northwest of Mosul.
On July 23, ISIS took control of the Badush dam (under construction) and nearby facilities northwest of Mosul after Peshmerga forces withdrew from the area.
Iraqi Shi’a militias continue to escalate their campaign. The attacks in Basra are reminiscent of the killing of Iraqi Sunni tribal leaders in the city in November 2013 that ISW assessed to have been carried out by Iraqi Shi’a militias.