Laith Khazali, a senior member of the Iranian-backed Shi’a militia group Asaib Ahl al-Haq (AAH), was transferred from U.S. custody to the Iraqi government on June 6, 2009 and subsequently released.
Following Iraq’s provincial council elections on January 31, 2009, the political parties that captured seats in the provinces of the mainly Shia south scrambled to form ruling alliances.
Operation Peace was an operation conducted by Coalition forces with Iraqi participation which cleared Sadr City of Shi'a militias.
Operation Knight's Charge was an Iraqi operation to root out Shi'a militias in Basra.
Jaysh al-Mahdi, or JAM, is the militia of the Sadrist Trend.