The Kremlin seeks to create the perception that its proxies are functioning political entities ahead of Ukrainian elections in 2019 in order to reset negotiations between newly elected Ukrainian officials and its proxies.

Russia, Iran, and Assad likely intend to extract concessions from the U.S. and its ground force partners by threatening kinetic escalation in Eastern Syria. How have they set conditions to conduct attacks in this region?

How have Assad, Russia, and Iran set conditions for the next phase of the war in Syria? ISW's and Syria Direct's latest map provides an overview of key developments over the first half of September 2018.

The newest weekly ISW intelligence summary series sheds light on key trends and developments related to the Russian government’s goals and its efforts to secure them. The latest update focuses on the Kremlin's campaign in the Balkans.

Bashar al Assad's gains in Syria, enabled by Russia and Iran, are largely on paper -- they will not end the jihadist insurgency. Can the U.S. reassert itself in order to better defend its interests?

Latest from ISW

The U.S. Response to Basra and Iraq's Crisis

In an opinion essay for The Wall Street Journal, ISW President Kimberly Kagan and Critical Threats Project at AEI Director Frederick W. Kagan make the case that the U.S. is in a position to help address a humanitarian disaster in southern Iraq, make a positive difference in Iraq's political future, and advance American interests -- at low cost.

Russia in Review

Russia in Review is a weekly intelligence summary (INTSUM) produced by the Institute for the Study of War (ISW). This ISW INTSUM series sheds light on key trends and developments related to the Russian government's objectives and its efforts to secure them.