Division-level offensive launched on January 9, 2008 focused on al-Qaeda in Iraq in northern Iraq.
Operation Phantom Phoenix
The operations against Al-Qaeda in Iraq near Muqdadiyah in Diyala Province in December provided U.S. forces with the intelligence they needed to begin the new Iron Harvest offensive in January 2008.
Corps level offensive launched on January 8, 2008 focused on Al-Qaeda in Iraq based in Northern Iraq.
An operation to push further South into the Arab Jabour region southeast of Baghdad.
This backgrounder details the conduct of Raider Harvest and its potential impact on security in northern Diyala province.
The Baghdad belts are residential, agricultural, and industrial areas that encircle the city, and networks of roadways, rivers, and other lines of communication that lie within a twenty or thirty mile radius of Baghdad and connect the capital to the rest of Iraq. Beginning in the north, the belts include the cities of Taji, clockwise to Tarmiyah, Baqubah, Buhriz, Besmayah and Nahrwan, Salman Pak, Mahmudiyah, Sadr al-Yusufiyah, Fallujah, and Karmah.
The upper Tigris River Valley runs from the northern border of Iraq down directly into the center of Baghdad. As the Tigris winds its way south to the capital, a number of key Iraqi cities lie along the route; these are Bayji, Tikrit, Samarra, and Balad. A major highway, Main Supply Route Tampa, also runs from the Syrian border, through Mosul, and down along the Tigris River and aforementioned cities into Baghdad.
Northern Iraq extends north from Baghdad and is bordered by Syria, Turkey, and Iran. It consists of the provinces of Salah ad-Din, Diyala, Kirkuk, Sulaymaniyah, Arbil, Dahuk, and Ninawa. Iraqi Kurds inhabit the northern area, including Sulaymaniyah, Arbil, and Dahuk. The remainder of the region has a mix of ethnic and sectarian groups.